Soursop (Annona muricata) is a small tree of the family Annonaceae that is less than 7 meters high that grows in the tropical forests of Africa, South America, and Southeast Asia. The French who live in the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean or the Pacific Islands are very familiar with its delicious fruit: the soursop graviola.
Soursop and Graviola Soursop - brief Botanical description
The soursop graviola is a large ovoid fruit of green color that can measure up to 30 cm long. Covered with small soft spines, this fruit has a white edible flesh, fibrous and pulpy containing black seeds flattened.
Soursop, known in some countries cachiment, graviola, sapodilla, custard apple, soursop (English) or guanábana (Spanish), is an exotic fruit prized for its pleasant taste and slightly acid is used in the manufacture of beverages, ice creams, pies or jams.
soursop of flowers have six petals yellowish green. The leaves in turn, are smooth, shiny and oblong, measuring from 7 to 20 centimeters in length.
Gravioal Soursop - Nutritious values per 100 grams of fruit
100 grams of soursop contains the amounts of the following nutrients:
► 1 g protein, 17 g carbohydrate, 0.3 g fat and 81 g of water.
The amounts of the vitamins contained in 100 g of fruit are:
► 20.6 mg of vitamin C, 0.07 mg of vitamin B1, 0.05 mg of vitamin B2, 0.9 mg of vitamin B3, vitamin B5 0.253 mg, 0.059 mg of vitamin B6 and 2 IU of provitamin A .
Here are the nutritional values for minerals in soursop:
► 278 mg potassium, 27 mg phosphorus, 21 mg magnesium, 14 mg calcium, 14 mg of sodium and 0.6 mg of copper.
There are 66 kcal per 100 grams of soursop flesh.
Active ingredients of Corossolier
Studies have shown the presence in the soursop following phytochemicals: tannins, steroids, alkaloids, phenolics, saponins, terpenoids, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides.
Among the alkaloids discovered there coreximine (respiratory stimulant and anti-hypertensive), the stépharine (sedative properties), the athérospermine, reticulin (with antibacterial, analgesic and antispasmodic), the anomurine, and the annomuricine the coclaurine.
• The flesh of the soursop graviola organic is rich in sucrose> (2.53%), dextrose (5.05%) and levulose (0.04%).
• The fruit is an excellent source of fructose and vitamins B (B1 and B2) and C.
• Recent studies have allowed to isolate three acetogenins: the annonacin the annonacin-A and annomuricine-A.
The soursop properties and soursop graviola bio
Here is a long list of therapeutic properties attributed to all parts of the fruit tree corossolier: antibacterial, anticancer, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, antidiarrheal, anti-dysentery, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antineoplastic, antiparasitic (dewormer), antispasmodic, antitumor, antiviral, astringent, carminative, blood purifier, febrifuge, hypotensive, insecticide, sedative, diaphoretic and vasodilator. and anticancer.
The therapeutic properties of soursop - Traditional Medicine
Medical-traditional uses of the different parts of the soursop:
• Immature fruits are used to treat dysentery and diarrhea (astringent).
• The ripe soursop juice is used as a diuretic to treat hematuria or urethritis.
• The ripe fruit rich in vitamin C is an excellent antiscorbutic.
• The flesh of the soursop graviola is used as a poultice to remove chiggers (mites).
• In traditional Indonesian medicine is used soursop as a remedy for anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor (powerful anti-cancer).
• In the Caribbean, the custard apple is used as an anthelmintic.
The therapeutic benefits of soursop - Scientific studies
In 1976, an investigation in herbal medicine program, conducted by the National Institute of US cancer was discovered that the leaves, stems and fruit of soursop contain cytotoxic agents capable of destroying cancer cells.
Three independent research groups have managed to isolate these compounds separately. These compounds have indeed a selective toxicity against various types of cancer cells without damaging healthy cells.
These findings were published in eight different clinical studies. Several acetogenins showed a selective toxicity against tumor cells in very low doses, as low as 1 ppm (parts per million). In 1998, four studies have been published on the action of acetogenins on lung cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, prostate adenocarcinoma, the colon adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma breast.
• The soursop may have antidepressant activity due to its ability to stimulate serotonin receptors in the brain.